What Are The Causes Of Liver Cancer

According to research by WHO (World Health Organization), cancer impacts one out of every ten people in India, and one out of every fifteen individuals die from cancer. Liver cancer arises when cancer cells form in the inner lining of your liver or near the abdomen. These cancer cells then spread across the body and evolve into a tumour. 


Furthermore, liver cancer usually progresses slowly over numerous years. So if you think you or your loved one is experiencing the symptoms it causes, it is better to consult the best oncologist in Delhi NCR, like Dr P.K. Das, who can help treat cancer at the initial stage when it is easiest to operate.  


Understanding the causes of liver cancer 


While the causes for the occurrence of liver cancer remain vague, there is usually more than one factor that leads to liver cancer, and some of them are as follows: 


  • DNA – As DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) comprises the data that guides the cell’s operations, an increase in the number of cells can result in tumour formation, killing healthy human cells and causing cancer.
  • Excessive smoking and drinking
  • Age – As you get older, the chance of having liver cancer increases due to a weakened immune system.
  • Poor diet – Consuming over-cooked food, cured meat, and salted fish increases the risk of liver cancer.
  • Obesity – Being obese or overweight can lead to the growth of a liver tumour.
  • Previous medical history – Any surgery or operation that happened in the past, like a liver transplant or removing ulcers
  • Any condition induced by genetic material.
  • Patient’s history – Family history or background of liver cancer


What are the prevalent symptoms of liver cancer?


Liver cancer usually does not get caught at a primary stage because it does not display noticeable symptoms. When symptoms arise, they may be negligible and can comprise those listed here. It is also crucial to remember that these symptoms can even be due to other underlying conditions and not necessarily liver cancer. 


  • Feeling bloated constantly even after consuming a little food. 
  • Always constipated, heartburn or a small ulcer can be an early indication of a liver tumour. 
  • Excessive loss in weight due to loss of appetite
  • Constant feeling of puking and sickness. Sometimes vomiting can have blood.
  • Constant discomfort in the abdominal area or above the navel region 
  • Two-thirds of liver cancer patients may undergo weight loss. Nevertheless, 50% of them hold ulcer-like aches. 
  • Nausea and Anorexia occur in numerous patients.
  • Furthermore, symptoms like melaena, satiety, dyspepsia, and haematemesis are common in every patient.
  • These are some afflictions that a person encounters when cancer is in the initial and detectable stage. However, since many individuals overlook these symptoms, this ignorance leads to severe conditions quickly. Thus if you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, you must get examined by a liver cancer doctor.


In addition, males are more likely than females to have liver cancer as they generally smoke more and consume more alcohol. Apart from that, liver cancer symptoms also vary to some extent in males and females and are as follows:


Liver cancer symptoms in males


  • Poor appetite
  • Pain in the abdominal region
  • Yellowing of the skin (signs of jaundice)
  • Swelling or generation of fluid in the abdomen
  • Dark stools along with blood
  • Indigestion
  • Nausea
  • Always tired, this is because the red blood cells are less in number

Liver cancer symptoms in females


  • Constant feeling of being exhausted
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Stomach pain
  • Bloody stools
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting 


How long does it take to diagnose liver cancer?


As mentioned before, liver cancer seldom exhibits its symptoms early and usually gets diagnosed after reaching an advanced stage. Therefore, the expert oncologist will conduct a comprehensive physical assessment to check for abnormalities for liver cancer diagnosis. If there is a risk of liver cancer, the patient must undergo blood tests and other medical examinations that include:


  • An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.
  • A liver endoscopy
  • A biopsy. 
  • A CT scan or an X-ray.


Understanding the stages of liver cancer


Once the liver cancer specialist verifies your T, N, and M (tumour, nodes, and metastases) levels, they begin the step grouping. A step grouping assists cancer specialists in preparing an overall illness stage. Below are some stage groupings used for staging liver cancer.


Stage 0 


In this stage, the cancer is identified only in the inner layer of the liver surface and has not spread anywhere else.


Stage 1


In this stage, cancer remains in the primary and secondary walls of the liver surface and extends up to six lymph nodes forming a tumour. It has not yet extended to other organs or lymph nodes. 


Stage 2


Liver cancer exists in the second layer of the human liver, spreading near seven to 15 lymph lumps to the tumour.


 Stage 3 


In this phase, the cancer is in the third layer of the liver wall. It begins penetrating nearby organs, such as the spleen or stomach. Nevertheless, the cancer cells have not extended to distant organs or lymph nodes. 


Stage 4 


Cancer has seeped through all five layers of the liver and all other organs in the body.


The Bottom line


If you are looking for a liver cancer doctor in Delhi, look no further than Dr P.K. Das. He is known as the best oncologist in Delhi NCR due to his years of know-how and commitment to cancer treatment. With a team of expert cancer specialists, Dr P.K. Das always strives to make every cancer patient lead a normal life again. 

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