Tina Yuu July 1, 2022

Stalevo is indicated for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.

 

Stalevo can be used:

To substitute (with equivalent strengths of each of the three components) carbidopa/levodopa and entacapone previously administered as individual products.

 

To replace carbidopa/levodopa therapy (without entacapone) when patients experience the signs and symptoms of end-of-dose “wearing-off” and when they have been taking a total daily dose of levodopa of 600 mg or less and have not been experiencing dyskinesias.

 

Stalevo Dosage and Administration

Stalevo should be used as a substitute for patients already stabilized on equivalent doses of carbidopa/levodopa and entacapone. However, some patients who have been stabilized on a given dose of carbidopa/levodopa may be treated with Stalevo if a decision has been made to add entacapone (see below). Therapy should be individualized and adjusted according to the desired therapeutic response.

 

Dosing Information

The optimum daily dosage of Stalevo must be determined by careful titration in each patient.

 

Clinical experience with daily doses above 1,600 mg of entacapone is limited. The maximum recommended daily dose of Stalevo depends on the strength used. The maximum number of tablets to be used in a 24-hour period is less with the highest strength (Stalevo 200) than with lower strengths (see Table 1). Studies show that peripheral dopa decarboxylase is saturated by carbidopa at approximately 70 mg per day to 100 mg per day. Patients receiving less than this amount of carbidopa are more likely to experience nausea and vomiting.

 

Converting Patients from Carbidopa, Levodopa, and Entacapone to Stalevo

Patients currently treated with entacapone 200 mg with each dose of non-extended release carbidopa/levodopa tablet, can switch to the corresponding strength of Stalevo containing the same amounts of levodopa and carbidopa. For example, patients receiving one tablet of carbidopa/levodopa 25 mg/100 mg and one tablet of entacapone 200 mg at each administration can switch to a single Stalevo 100 tablet (containing 25 mg of carbidopa, 100 mg of levodopa and 200 mg of entacapone).

 

Concomitant Use with Other Anti-Parkinson’s Disease Drugs

Anticholinergic agents, dopamine agonists, monoamine oxidase (MAO) – B inhibitors, amantadine, and other standard drugs for Parkinson’s disease may be used concomitantly while Stalevo is being administered; however, dosage adjustments of the concomitant medication or Stalevo may be required.

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